SINGAPORE (Reuters) – The dollar was headed for its best week in nearly nine months on Friday as investors have scrambled to price in a sooner-than-expected ending to extraordinary U.S. monetary stimulus in the days after a surprise shift in tone from the Federal Reserve.
In the two sessions since Fed officials projected possible rate hikes in 2023, the greenback has busted from recent ranges and surged about 1.8% against the euro, even further against the Aussie and more than 1% against sterling and the kiwi.
The dollar index has zoomed above its 200-day moving average to hit a more than two-month high of 92.010 and is on track for a 1.5% weekly gain, its largest since last September.
“The Fed sent a very crucial message, that the days of plentiful, abundant, unlimited liquidity are drawing to a close,” said Richard Franulovich, head of FX strategy at Westpac in Sydney.
“We can now see an end point to zero rates … and they’ve told us in very plain-speaking English that they’ve commenced the conversation on how to commence tapering,” he said.
“That signal has precipitated a dramatic position unwind, because U.S. dollar shorts were based on that unending liquidity tap from the Fed, and zero rates.”
Majors stabilised early in the Asia session and did not show much enthusiasm for bouncing back, with moves only slight. The euro sat just above a two-month low at $1.1904.
The Australian dollar parked at $0.7555, also near the two-month trough of $0.7540 that it hit overnight. [AUD/]
The kiwi likewise perched at a two-month low, and dropped through its 200-day moving average, despite far better-than-expected New Zealand growth numbers on Thursday. Sterling sat near a six-week low at $1.3936. [GBP/]
The dollar is also on track for a 0.5% rise against the yen, which traded at 110.25 per dollar after hitting an 11-week peak of 110.82 on Thursday.
“The viciousness with which the dollar has bounced back, the impulsive nature of it, tells me that there’s been a decisive shift for a lot of big, stale positions,” said Franulovich.
“This is a meaningful, decisive re-thinking in dollar prospects, just by the nature of the price action in the last couple of days.”
TAPERING GOES LIVE
The shakeout has been triggered by Fed forecasts, or ‘dot plots,’ showing 13 of the 18-person policy board saw rates rising in 2023, versus only six previously, with the median board member tipping two hikes in 2023.
While the plots are not commitments and have a poor track record of predicting rates, the sudden shift was a shock that has also reverberated through the bond market and metal prices.
Gold has been walloped by rises in the dollar and U.S. yields and is on track for a more than 5% weekly loss. [GOL/]
Treasuries sold heavily – especially at the five- and 10-year tenors – but the U.S. yield curve has flattened overnight as traders seem hopeful that a more aggressive Fed could move more quickly to head off inflation. [US/]
“For us the key take-away … is the market’s preconceived idea of a fixed timeline for tapering is the wrong way to think about it,” said Elsa Lignos, global head of FX strategy at RBC Capital Markets.
“Perhaps collectively we talked ourselves into the idea that the Fed is so keen to avoid a taper tantrum, that ‘they’ll be forced to follow the market consensus’ – (Wednesday) shows that is wrong,” she said.
“Every meeting is now live for a taper discussion.”
Ahead on Friday the Bank of Japan ends its two-day meeting, but it is expected to maintain its massive stimulus and might even extend a deadline for its pandemic-relief asset buying and loan programme.
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