Archaeologists have unlocked a new mystery involving the skulls of women and children centuries after they were buried under a Mexican city.
Historical experts have been left scratching their own heads after digging up the decapitated skulls of hundred of lost souls from the 15th century.
The remains of 119 people were found in an ancient Aztec tower of skulls that was located in the ancient Aztec capital Tenochtitlan – which is where modern-day Mexico City stands.
But what struck the experts about the gruesome finding is that many of the skulls are believed to have belonged to women and children who would have been killed in ritual sacrifices in order to appease the gods.
The skull tower is part of the Huei Tzompantli – a massive structure made of skulls that struck fear into Spanish conquerors.
Experts uncovered the structure in 2017, with the latest discovery made while experts excavated a newly discovered eastern section.
Archaeologist Barrera Rodriguez told the Daily Mail: "Although we cannot determine how many of these individuals were warriors, perhaps some were captives set aside for sacrificial ceremonies."
Mexican authorities have hailed the grisly discovery as "one of the country's most important archaeological discoveries in years".
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While Culture Minister Alejandra Frausto said in a statement: "At every step, the Templo Mayor continues to surprise us.
"The Huei Tzompantli is, without a doubt, one of the most impressive archaeological finds in our country in recent years."
Rodrigo Bolanos, a biological anthropologist cast a spotlight on the fact that women and children’s skulls were among the findings.
He is quoted by the Daily Mail saying: "We were expecting just men, obviously young men, as warriors would be, and the thing about the women and children is that you'd think they wouldn't be going to war.
"Something is happening that we have no record of, and this is really new, a first in the Huey Tzompantli."
Experts suspect the people who’s heads the skulls belonged to were sacrificed to Aztec gods as the discovery was made on the corner of a former chapel of Huitzilopochtli.
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